The main job of all shampoos is to cleanse the scalp of sebum, and hair of dirt, dust, and styling products.
The wrong shampoo can lead to a number of unwanted problems. It can be dandruff, greasiness, and itching.
The composition of almost all shampoos includes surfactants – surfactants. When you read that the composition includes vitamins, oils, miracle extracts – it’s true. But they are so little contained in shampoo, that the miracle will not bring your hair.
What kind of mistakes when choosing shampoo?
The wrong type of shampoo for your scalp. Either there will not be enough cleansing, or on the contrary – an aggressive effect.
Frequent or infrequent washing of the head:
Many girls and women shampoo not only the roots but also the whole length of the hair, which dries and tangles the hair. They become dull and brittle.
Rules for shampoo use
Shampoo by scalp type – if your scalp is oily and your hair is dry, then choose a shampoo for the oily type. And vice versa.
Wash your hair as it gets dirty. If the hair is not fresh at the roots, it is necessary to wash heads. Washing too infrequently can lead to seborrhea.
To rub the shampoo between the palms of your hands and apply to the hair roots and scalp. The lather rinses the hair sufficiently. This will prevent them from drying out.
But there are times when you need to rinse the entire length of your hair:
- When you do hair masks with added oils
- If you use a deep cleaning shampoo.
Rules for choosing shampoo according to hair condition
In cosmetic stores, when choosing a shampoo, on the labels we read, intended for oily/dry/normal hair. But that’s not really the case. Dryness and greasiness refer not to the hair and specifically to the scalp. After all, it is there that sebum production occurs, it can be produced in excess, deficiency, and the norm.
Hair condition is characterized by other signs:
- Hair structure types – Slavic, African, Asian, European;
- Types of damage – dry, brittle, porous, split ends.
To restore the hair is not selected shampoo, but masks, balsams, sprays, oils.
Determining your scalp type
Oily scalp type: hair roots become greasy one or two days after washing the head. The hair itself will be dry and damaged. The following shampoos are suitable for this hair type
- for volume
Composition of shampoo for oily scalp
В составе шампуня для жирного типа кожи головы не должно быть в составе масел и силиконов. Это:
- Cetyl Dimethicone
- Cetearyl methicone
- Stearyl Dimethicone
These components accumulate and are washed off with a deep cleaning shampoo. These silicones clog pores and hair follicle sites, for oily hair it is detrimental, resulting in dandruff.
Sulfates that can be included in shampoos for oily scalps^
Sodium Coco-sulfate (SCS) – can be included in “sulfate-free” shampoos, because it is made from natural raw materials, but the effect is the same as SLS.
Sulfate-free shampoos are not suitable for oily scalps. But if you have had Botox hair treatments, keratin straightening, it is recommended to use sulfate-free shampoos. But then you need to use more frequent exfoliation for the scalp.
There’s no telling what kind of shampoo will work for you. It can be an expensive one from a premium series, or it can be a regular one from the supermarket. It’s all individual.
Shampoo for a dry scalp
Dry scalp type – after washing, the scalp feels tight, flaky, itchy. Roots of hair are greasy after 6 days.
Shampoo should gently clean the scalp, moisturize without disrupting the lipid layer.
When choosing a shampoo, you should pay attention to the following recommendations:
- for sensitive skin
In shampoos look for such components in the composition. If they are, then the shampoo will not harm the hair. They are also suitable for colored, hair, normal hair.
Shampoos for dry hair:
- Cocamidopropyl Betaine
- Sapindus Mukorossi Fruit Extract (soap nut extract)
- Lauryl glucoside
- Sodium cocoanphoacetate
- Sodium cocoyl glutamate
- Sucrose cocoate
In the composition, look for the following:
- nutrients – oils, silicones
- moisturizing substances – panthenol, glycerin, betaine, hyaluronic acid, aloe extract, allantoin, algae extract
Shampoo for normal skin type
Owners of this type are lucky. The scalp doesn’t experience problems like itching, inflammation, and seborrhea. Hair roots become greasy on days 3 to 5 after washing.
When choosing a shampoo, we focus on the following:
- add volume – if the hair roots become greasy on the 3rd day after washing
- for normal hair
Excellent if the shampoo contains ingredients such as panthenol, glycerin, betaine, hyaluronic acid, aloe extract, allantoin, algae extract. Sulfate-free shampoos are also great.
Selecting shampoo for colored hair
When you color your hair, it can lose its elasticity and become more vulnerable. Shampoo, conditioner, and other care products for colored hair should be chosen as well. Pay attention to such ingredients as SLS, SLES, Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate, Sodium Coco-sulfate. It should not contain them. For colored hair, the shampoo contains more oils, silicones, which protect the hair.
There is an interesting way to protect colored hair. Apply balm to the entire length of the hair, and then shampoo on the scalp. After, rinse with water. If the sun is very strong, use protective sprays with SPF filters.
Selecting a hair loss shampoo
You should understand that shampoo itself does not work for hair loss. The shampoo will prepare your scalp for subsequent care. In order for the product to work, it must be applied for at least 1 hour. And you will not keep the shampoo that long. If you are concerned about this problem, you should consult a specialist.
Deep Cleaning Shampoo
This shampoo is needed to cleanse the entire length of your hair, not your scalp. This is a very serious product that can dry out your scalp. This kind of shampoo should not be used every day.
This shampoo will help you if:
- Frequently use products with silicone.
- Addicted to a lot of nourishing oil-based masks. Hair is heavy and not fresh.
- Frequently style with styling products.
If you decide to do salon coloring, keratin, Botox. This is necessary for better penetration of substances into the hair.